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Angola

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
8%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
30%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
8%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
30%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

30% of girls in Angola are married before the age of 18 and 8% are married before their 15th birthday.

According to the Ministry of Family and Protection of Women, child marriage is particularly prevalent in rural areas within Lunda Sul, Moxico, Huambo, Bie and Malanje.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is very limited information on child marriage in Angola.

What has this country committed to?

Angola has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Angola co-sponsored the 2015 Human Rights Council resolution to end child, early and forced marriage, recognising that it is a violation of human rights.

Angola co-sponsored the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage, and signed a joint statement at the 2014 Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Angola ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1986, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

In 1992 Angola ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, including Article 21 regarding the prohibition of child marriage.

In 2007 Angola ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimum age for marriage as 18.

Angola is one of 20 countries which has committed to ending child marriage by the end of 2020 under the Ministerial Commitment on comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services for adolescents and young people in Eastern and Southern Africa.

During its 2013 review, the CEDAW Committee expressed deep concern about the persistence of deeply-rooted patriarchal stereotypes which contribute to child marriage in Angola. It urged the government to adopt legal provisions prohibiting the practice.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

18 years old is the minimum age of marriage in Angola without any parental or judicial exceptions. However the Family Code 1988 states that a man may be able to marry at 16 years old and a woman at 15 years old in exceptional cases where it is in the interest of the minors involved.

Source

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

Instituto Nacional de Estatística, Ministério da Saúde (MINSA), Ministério do Planeamento e do Desenvolvimento Territorial, Inquérito de Indicadores Múltiplos e de Saúde em Angola 2015-2016, 2017, (accessed May 2018)

Ministerial Commitment on comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services for adolescents and young people in Eastern and Southern Africa [website], 2014, (accessed February 2018)

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the sixth periodic report of Angola adopted by the Committee at its fifty fourth session (11 February – 1 March 2013), 2013, p.4, p.7, (accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

United States State Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for Angola 2017, 2018, (accessed May 2018)

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.