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Angola

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
8%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
30%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
8%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
30%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

30% of girls in Angola are married before the age of 18 and 8% are married before their 15th birthday.

6% of boys in Angola are married before the age of 18.

In 2018, the Ministry of Family and Protection of Women reported that child marriage is particularly prevalent in rural areas within Lunda Sul, Moxico, Huambo, Bie and Malanje.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is very limited information on child marriage in Angola.

What has this country committed to?

Angola has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Angola co-sponsored the following Human Rights Council resolutions: the 2013 procedural resolution on child, early and forced marriage, the 2015 resolution calling strengthen efforts to prevent and eliminate child, early and forced marriage, the 2017 resolution on recognising the need to address child, early and forced marriage in humanitarian contexts, and the 2019 resolution on the consequences of child marriage. In 2014, Angola also signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Angola co-sponsored the 2018 UN General Assembly resolution on child, early and forced marriage.

Angola ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1986, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

During its 2013 review, the CEDAW Committee expressed deep concern about the persistence of deeply-rooted patriarchal stereotypes which contribute to child marriage in Angola. It urged the government to adopt legal provisions prohibiting the practice.

In its 2019 review, the CEDAW Committee reiterated its concerns about the persistence of child marriage in Angola. The Committee urged the country to end all harmful practices, including child marriage, expedite the revision of the Family Code to ensure that the minimum age of marriage is set at 18 with no exceptions, criminalise child marriage and enforce legislation.

In 2018, the Child Rights Committee urged Angola to review the legislation to remove all exceptions that allow girls to marry at the age of 15 and boys at 16, including under customary law. The Committee called the country to continue awareness-raising programmes on the harmful effects of early marriage ensuring that all stakeholders are targeted, and establish protection schemes for victims of child marriage.

In 1992 Angola ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, including Article 21 regarding the prohibition of child marriage. In 2007 Angola ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimum age for marriage as 18.

Angola is one of 20 countries which has committed to ending child marriage by the end of 2020 under the Ministerial Commitment on comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services for adolescents and young people in Eastern and Southern Africa.

Angola is one of the countries where the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)/DREAMS Initiative is working to reduce rates of HIV among adolescent girls and young women.

What is the government doing to address this at the national level?

In 2019, the government of Angola reported that a draft national strategy for preventing and combating early pregnancy and marriage was in the process of being adopted.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

The minimum age of marriage in Angola is 18 years without any parental or judicial exceptions. However the Family Code 1988 states that a boy may be able to marry at 16 years old and a girl at 15 years old in exceptional cases where it is in the interest of the minors involved.

Source

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, [website], 2018, https://www.achpr.org/legalinstruments/detail?id=46 (accessed January 2020).

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, [website], 2018, https://au.int/en/treaties/protocol-african-charter-human-and-peoples-rights-rights-women-africa (accessed January 2020).

Human Rights Council, National report submitted in accordance with paragraph 5 of the annex to Human Rights Council resolution 16/21: Angola, A/HRC/WG.6/34/AGO/1, 2019, p. 9, https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/AOIndex.aspx (accessed January 2020).

Instituto Nacional de Estatística, Ministério da Saúde (MINSA), Ministério do Planeamento e do Desenvolvimento Territorial, Inquérito de Indicadores Múltiplos e de Saúde em Angola 2015-2016, 2017, https://www.dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR327/FR327.pdf (accessed January 2020).

Ministerial Commitment on comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services for adolescents and young people in Eastern and Southern African[website], 2014, https://www.youngpeopletoday.org/esa-commitment/ (accessed January 2020).

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, http://fngeneve.um.dk/en/aboutus/statements/newsdisplaypage/?newsid=6371ad93-8fb0-4c35-b186-820fa996d379 (accessed January 2020).

U.S. Department of State, United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, [website], 2019, https://www.state.gov/where-we-work-pepfar/ (accessed January 2020).

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the seventh periodic report of Angola, 2019, CEDAW/C/AGO/CO/7, p. 7, https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CEDAW%2fC%2fAGO%2fCO%2f7&Lang=en (accessed January 2020).

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the sixth periodic report of Angola adopted by the Committee at its fifty fourth session (11 February – 1 March 2013), 2013, p.4, p.7, http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CEDAW/C/AGO/CO/6&Lang=En (accessed January 2020).

UN Child Rights Committee, Concluding observations on the combined fifth to seventh periodic reports of Angola, CRC/C/AGO/CO/5-7, 2018, p. 7-8, https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CRC%2fC%2fAGO%2fCO%2f5-7&Lang=en (accessed January 2020).

UNICEF DATA, Angola, [website], https://data.unicef.org/crvs/angola/ (accessed January 2020).

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg5 (accessed January 2020).

United States State Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for Angola 2017, 2018, https://www.state.gov/reports/2017-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/angola/ (accessed January 2020).

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.