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Bahrain

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
n/a

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
n/a

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

There is no publicly available government data on child marriage in Bahrain.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is very limited information on child marriage in Bahrain, but available evidence indicates that is exacerbated by:

Sexual violence against girls: As reported by the Bahrain Women Union, Article 353 of the Penal Code allows an exemption from punishment for perpetrators of sexual violence who marry their victims. Parents tend to marry their daughters to the perpetrator, sometimes for a brief period, to avoid the scandal and social stigma.

What has this country committed to?

Bahrain has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. During its Voluntary National Review at the 2018 High Level Political Forum, the government reported progress towards this target.

Bahrain acceded to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1992, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 2002, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

 

During Bahrain’s 2014 review, the CEDAW Committee reiterated recommendations for the government to raise the minimum age of marriage to 18.

In 2019, the Child Rights Committee urged Bahrain to amend the Family Act to ensure that the minimum age of marriage is established at 18 years, remove all exceptions that allow marriage under the age of 18, and take all measures necessary to eliminate child marriage in the country.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

The minimum legal age of marriage is 16 years for girls. However girls can be married off before 16 years with the permission of the Sharia Court, as per Article 20 of the Family Act. It is unclear what the minimum age of marriage is for boys.

Source

Bahrain Women Union, Bahraini NGOs shadow Report to CEDAW, 2014, http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/Treaties/CEDAW/Shared%20Documents/BHR/INT_CEDAW_NGO_BHR_16120_E.pdf (accessed March 2020).

Bahrain Women’s Union, Global Campaign for Equal Nationality Rights and Equality Now, Information on Bahrain for Consideration by the Committee on the Rights of the Child at its 80th session (14 January 2019 – 1 February 2019), 2018, https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=INT%2fCRC%2fNGO%2fBHR%2f33364&Lang=en (accessed March 2020).

Legislation & Legal Opinion Commission, With Respect to the Promulgation of the Family Law, Law No. (19) of 2017, 2017, http://www.legalaffairs.gov.bh/LegislationSearchDetails.aspx?id=145311#.WwRM6dKotD (accessed March 2020).

The Kingdom of Bahrain, First Voluntary National Review (2018) on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals, 2018, p. 44, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/2132920181231_Bahrain_VNR_English_translation.pdf (accessed March 2020).

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the third periodic report of Bahrain, 2014, p.11, http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CEDAW/C/BHR/CO/3&Lang=En (accessed March 2020).

UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Concluding observations on the combined fourth to sixth periodic reports of Bahrain, 2019, p. 4, https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CRC%2fC%2fBHR%2fCO%2f4-6&Lang=en (accessed March 2020).

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg5 (accessed March 2020).

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.