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Bangladesh

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
22%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
59%
Classement international*

4

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Photo credit: Ricci Coughlan | DFID

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
22%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
59%
Classement international*

4

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

59% of girls in Bangladesh are married before their 18th birthday and 22% are married before the age of 15.

According to UNICEF, Bangladesh has the fourth highest prevalence rate of child marriage in the world, and the second highest number of absolute child brides – 4,451,000.

The median age at first marriage is 15 in Rangpur and 16 in Rajshahi and Khulna.

A 2017 study estimates that ending child marriage in Bangladesh could see a 12% rise in earnings and productivity.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that girls are somehow inferior to boys. In Bangladesh, child marriage is also driven by:

What has this country committed to?

Bangladesh has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. During its Voluntary National Review at the 2017 High Level Political Forum, the government noted that women’s empowerment plays a prominent role in the Constitution of Bangladesh, the National Women Development Policy and the Child Marriage Restraint Act.

Bangladesh ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990 which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1984, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

Bangladesh is a focus country of the UNICEF-UNFPA Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child Marriage, a multi-donor, multi-stakeholder programme working across 12 countries over four years.

Bangladesh is a member of the South Asian Initiative to End Violence against Children (SAIEVAC) which adopted a regional action plan to end child marriage from 2015-2018.

Representatives of the South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), including Bangladesh, asserted the Kathmandu Call to Action to End Child Marriage in Asia in 2014. As part of its commitment, Bangladesh will ensure access to legal remedies for child brides and establish a uniform minimum legal age of marriage of 18.

During its 2013 Universal Periodic Review, Bangladesh supported recommendations to improve efforts to protect children from forced marriage, and to more effectively implement the Child Marriage Restraint act and the Dowry Prohibition Act.

At the 2014 Girl Summit, the government signed a charter committing to end child marriage by 2020.

What is the government doing to address this at the national level?

Bangladesh has made it compulsory to present a birth certificate at the time of marriage. Child Marriage Free Unions are movements led by local government and facilitated by Plan Bangladesh with the aim of enforcing existing law more effectively.

In February 2017, Parliament adopted the Child Marriage Restraint Act despite widespread concerns over a special provision allowing child marriage in ‘special cases’. The Act does not define what constitutes a special case. There are fears that such a provision will legitimise statutory rape and encourage child marriage. The President signed the bill into law on 11 March 2017.

The government has also begun developing, under the leadership of the Ministry of Women and Children Affairs, a National Action Plan to Eliminate Child Marriage 2015-2021. Progress on adopting and implementing the plan has stalled in the face of backlash against recent regressive legal proposals.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

The minimum legal age for marriage in Bangladesh is 18 years for girls and 21 for boys.

However, the Child Marriage Restraint Act 2017 includes a loophole where a court can allow child marriage in “special cases”. The act does not explicitly define what those “special cases” might be.

Source

Girl Summit 2014, The Girl Summit Charter on Ending FGM and Child, Early and Forced Marriage, [website], 2015, (accessed February 2018)

Government of Bangladesh, Eradicating poverty and promoting prosperity in a changing world Voluntary National Review (VNR), 2017, 2017, (accessed May 2018)

Human Rights Watch, Bangladesh: Legalizing Child Marriage Threatens Girls’ Safety, 2017, (accessed February 2018)

Human Rights Watch, Marry Before Your House is Swept Away, Child Marriage in Bangladesh, 2015, (accessed February 2018)

International Center for Research on Women and Plan Asia Regional Office, Asia Child Marriage Initiative: Summary of Research in Bangladesh, India and Nepal, 2016, (accessed February 2018)

IOM, UN Migration Director General Warns of Increasing Reports of Violent Sexual Assaults against Rohingya, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

National Institute of Population Research and Training, Mitra and Associates and ICF International, Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2014, 2016, (accessed May 2018)

Plan International, Child Marriage in Bangladesh: Findings from a National Survey, 2013, (accessed February 2018)

Population Council, New Evidence Shows What Works to Delay Child Marriage in Bangladesh, [website], 2016, (accessed February 2018)

Relief Web, The Rohingya Crisis in Numbers, [website], 2017, (accessed May 2018)

UNICEF-UNFPA, Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child Marriage, 2017, (accessed February 2018)

UN General Assembly, Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review Bangladesh, 2013, p.19, (accessed February 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

VOA News, Food and Safety Concerns Fuel Rise in Refugee Rohingya Child Brides, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

World Bank and International Center for Research on Women, Economic Impacts of Child Marriage: Global Synthesis Report, 2017, (accessed February 2018)

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Partenariat national  Bangladesh

Girls Not Brides Bangladesh is the official Girls Not Brides National Partnership in Bangladesh.

Voir le profile