Cette page a été traduite par Google Traduction, un service de traduction instantanée. Aucune garantie n’est donnée quant à l’exactitude de ces traductions.

Retour à la version anglaise?

Visit our new interactive Atlas!

Botswana

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
n/a

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
n/a

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

There is no publicly available government data on child marriage in Botswana.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is very limited information on child marriage in Botswana.

UNICEF reports that child marriage is most common among the Zezuru, Basarwa and parts of the Kgalagadi communities in the North West region. Although traditional arranged marriages through betrothal (peeletso) are no longer permissible, customary law still enables young girls to marry with parental permission.

What has this country committed to?

Botswana has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. The government did not provide an update on progress towards this target during its Voluntary National Review at the 2017 High Level Political Forum.

Botswana co-sponsored the 2017 Human Rights Council resolution recognising the need to address child, early and forced marriage in humanitarian contexts.

Botswana co-sponsored the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage, and signed a joint statement at the 2014 Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Botswana acceded to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1995, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1996, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

In 2001 Botswana ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, including Article 21 regarding the prohibition of child marriage.

Botswana has not signed or ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimum age for marriage as 18.

Botswana is one of 20 countries which has committed to ending child marriage by the end of 2020 under the Ministerial Commitment on comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services for adolescents and young people in Eastern and Southern Africa.

During its 2010 review, the CEDAW Committee raised concerns about child marriages being one of the causes for girls dropping out of school in Botswana. It also raised concerns that the regulation of marriage registrations and raising of the minimum age of marriage to 18 under the Marriage Act Cap 29:01 did not apply to customary and religious marriages.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Under the Botswana Marriage Act 2001 the minimum age of marriage in Botswana is 21 years. A minor (someone under 21 years) who has not been widowed may marry at age 18 with the consent of their parents or guardians.

The Marriage Act does not apply to customary or religious unions (section 2 of the Act).

Source

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)

Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Botswana: Information on forced marriages; state protection available, 2011, (accessed May 2018)

Ministerial Commitment on comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services for adolescents and young people in Eastern and Southern African [website], 2014, (accessed February 2018)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, (accessed April 2018)

Mmegi Botswana, Africa meets against child marriage, [website], 2018,(accessed May 2018)

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations of the Committee on the
Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Botswana, 2010, p.7, p.11,(accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.