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Djibouti

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
2%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
5%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Photo credit: Katherine Bundra Roux | IFRC

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
2%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
5%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

According to the most recent available data from 2006, 5% of girls in Djibouti are married before the age of 18 and 2% are married before their 15th birthday.

Child marriage is slightly more prevalent in rural parts of Djibouti and in districts outside the capital.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys.

There is very limited information on child marriage in Djibouti.

A 2006 MICS study shows that 41% of married girls aged 15-19 have a husband who is 10 or more years older, suggesting that child marriage is partly driven by power dynamics.

What has this country committed to?

Djibouti has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Djibouti co-sponsored the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage and signed a joint statement at the 2014 Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Djibouti ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1998, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

In 1992 Djibouti signed, but has not yet ratified, the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, including Article 21 regarding the prohibition of child marriage.

In 2005 Djibouti ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the minimum age for marriage as 18.

During its 2013 Universal Periodic Review, Djibouti supported recommendations to develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to eliminate harmful practices, including child marriage. It also agreed to examine recommendations to increase awareness and provide training to eliminate child marriage.

What is the government doing to address this at the national level?

In 2017, the Ministry for the Promotion of Women and Family Planning worked with women’s groups throughout Djibouti to protect the rights of girls, including the right to decide when and whom to marry, but it is unclear what this entailed.

In 2011, former government minister Hasna Barkat Daoud explained that child marriage prevention was being addressed through education.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

According to the Family Code 2002, the minimum legal age of marriage is 18 years. However, marriage is possible under 18 years if it is authorised by a guardian or (if the guardian refuses) by a judge.

Source

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018) 

 African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, [website], 2018, (accessed February 2018)  

 Ministère de la Santé, République de Djibouti, L’Enquête Djiboutienne à Indicateurs Multiple, 2007, (accessed May 2018) 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, (accessed April 2018) 

 UN CEDAW, Djibouti, Reporting for First Time to Women’s Anti-Discrimination Committee, Boasts Progress in Health, Education, Women’s Participation in Politics, [website], 2011, (accessed June 2018) 

 UN General Assembly, Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review, Djibouti, 2013, p.21, p.25, (accessed May 2018) 

 United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018) 

 United States State Department Bureau for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2017, Djibouti, 2018, (accessed May 2018)

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.