Cette page a été traduite par Google Traduction, un service de traduction instantanée. Aucune garantie n’est donnée quant à l’exactitude de ces traductions.

Retour à la version anglaise?

Visit our new interactive Atlas!

El Salvador

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
6%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
26%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Photo credit: IPPF/WHR

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
6%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
26%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

26% of girls in El Salvador are married before the age of 18 and 6% are married before their 15th birthday.

Child marriage is most prevalent in the Occidental region (where 35% of women aged 20-49 were married before the age of 18) and Oriental (33%). It occurs most commonly in Sonsonate, Ahuachapán, La Paz, Usulután and La Unión departments.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. In El Salvador, child marriage is also driven by:

  • Level of education: 52% of women with no education were married as children, compared to only 3% who had completed university.
  • Poverty: 12% of women in El Salvador’s poorest households were married as children, compared to 2% from the richest households.
  • Violence against girls: UNFPA reports high rates of sexual violence against girls in El Salvador which often results in teenage pregnancy. There have been reports of some poorer families marrying daughters off to their rapists in order to reduce their financial burden.
  • Adolescent pregnancy: There are high numbers of minors cohabiting in El Salvador and there were more than 25,000 births by underage mothers in 2015. This likely contributes to decisions around child marriage and informal unions.

What has this country committed to?

El Salvador has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

El Salvador co-sponsored the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage.

El Salvador ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1981, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

During its 2017 review, the CEDAW Committee raised concerns about the social acceptance of sexual and marital relations of children and teenagers with older men in El Salvador. It recommended the government implement awareness-raising campaigns on the implications of child marriage on the health and education of girls.

What is the government doing to address this at the national level?

In August 2017, lawmakers voted to make child marriage illegal with 18 years as the minimum age of marriage with no exceptions. Up until then, the Family Code 1993 had allowed exceptions for marriage before 18 years in cases of pregnancy, enabling perpetrators of sexual violence to escape punishment.

Source

Government of El Salvador and UNICEF, Encuesta nacional de salud de Indicadores Múltiples por Conglomerado 2014, 2015, (accessed May 2018)

Parliamentarians for Global Action, Legislative forum, Sharing experiences and best practices in Latin America and the Caribbean to prevent and end child marriage and early unions, 2017, (accessed May 2018)

Reuters, In El Salvador, girls under 12 most at risk of getting pregnant by rape: U.N. study, [website], 2016, (accessed May 2018)

Telesur, El Salvador Scraps ‘Patrimonial’ Teen Pregnancy Marriage Law, 2017,
https://www.telesurtv.net/english/news/El-Salvador-Scraps-Patrimonial-Teen-Pregnancy-Marriage-Law-20170818-0010.html (accessed June 2018)

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the combined eighth and ninth periodic reports of El Salvador, 2017, p.11, (accessed May 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.