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Paraguay

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
4%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
22%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
4%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
22%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

22% of girls in Paraguay are married by their 18th birthday and 4% are married before the age of 15.

Child marriage is most prevalent in Alto Paraguay, Alto Paraná, Asunción and Resto and among indigenous and Guarani speaking communities.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. There is very limited information on child marriage in Paraguay, but available studies show that it is driven by:

  • Poverty: 37% of women living in Paraguay’s poorest households were married as children, compared to only 9% from the richest households. Child marriage is often used as a means of financial survival and to offer girls a better future.
  • Level of education: 45% of women with no education married before the age of 18, compared to only 6% who had completed higher education.

What has this country committed to?

Paraguay has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. Paraguay reported legislative amendments made to the legal age of marriage in its 2018 Voluntary National Review at the High Level Political Forum, the mechanism through which countries report progress in implementing the Sustainable Development Goals.

Paraguay co-sponsored the 2017 Human Rights Council resolution recognising the need to address child, early and forced marriage in humanitarian contexts, and the 2015 Human Rights Council resolution to end child, early and forced marriage, recognising that it is a violation of human rights.

Paraguay co-sponsored the 2013 and 2014 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage, and the 2013 Human Rights Council resolution on child, early and forced marriage. In 2014, Paraguay signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Paraguay ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1987, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Amendment to the Civil Code in 2015 raised the minimum legal age for marriage to 18 years old. However girls and boys aged 16 years and over can marry with the consent of parents, guardians or a judge.

Source

Linea CEDAW, Shadow report Paraguay, 2017, (accessed May 2018)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, (accessed April 2018)

UNICEF, Encuesta de Indicadores Multiples por Conglomerados, MICS Paraguay, 2016, (accessed February 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, (accessed February 2018)

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Membres Paraguay