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Ukraine

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
9%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
n/a
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
9%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

9% of girls in Ukraine are married before their 18th birthday.

4% of boys in Ukraine are married before the age of 18.

Child marriage rates are slightly more prevalent in the Centre and South of the country, and in rural areas.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. In Ukraine, child marriage is also driven by:

  • Poverty: 15% of women living in Ukraine’s poorest households were married as children, compared to 10% in the richest households.
  • Level of education: 17% of Ukrainian women with secondary education were married before the age of 18, compared to only 9% who had completed higher education.
  • Ethnicity: Child marriage is reportedly more common among Roma communities living in Ukraine.
  • Gender norms: Patriarchal attitudes still maintain that a Ukrainian woman’s main role is to be a wife and mother. Some young girls and families support early marriage as it leads to the “right path” in life.

Adolescent pregnancy: According to a 2013 public opinion survey, 42% of respondents reported that they first had sexual intercourse between the ages of 16 and 18. Analysis shows that pregnancy is the main reason that courts grant permission for 16 or 17 year old girls to marry.

What has this country committed to?

Ukraine has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Ukraine co-sponsored the following Human Rights Council resolutions: the 2013 procedural resolution on child, early and forced marriage, the 2015 resolution on child, early and forced marriage, the 2017 resolution on recognising the need to address child, early and forced marriage in humanitarian contexts, and the 2019 resolution on the consequences of child marriage. In 2014, Ukraine also signed a joint statement at the Human Rights Council calling for a resolution on child marriage.

Ukraine co-sponsored the 2013, 2014 and 2018 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage.

Ukraine ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1990, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1980, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

During its 2017 review, the CEDAW Committee raised concerns that child marriage still persists in Roma communities and recommended that the government strictly enforce its legal age of marriage.

Ukraine is one of the countries where the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)/DREAMS Initiative is working to reduce rates of HIV among adolescent girls and young women.

What is the government doing to address this at the national level?

In 2019, the Government of Ukraine, with the support of UNICEF, the World Health Organization and NGO experts, was developing a National Action Plan to stop violence against children. However, it is unknown if this action plan will specifically tackle child marriage.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

A 2012 amendment to the Family Law raised the minimum legal age of marriage to 18 years. However courts may still grant permission from age 16 if there are special reasons.

Source

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Joint statement on child, early and forced marriage, HRC 27, Agenda Item 3, [website], 2014, http://fngeneve.um.dk/en/aboutus/statements/newsdisplaypage/?newsid=6371ad93-8fb0-4c35-b186-820fa996d379 (accessed March 2020).

State Statistics Service and Ukrainian Center for Social Reforms, Ukrainian Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, 2012, 2013, https://mics-surveys-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/MICS4/Europe%20and%20Central%20Asia/Ukraine/2012/Final/Ukraine%202012%20MICS_English.pdf (accessed March 2020).

U.S. Department of State, United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, [website], 2019, https://www.state.gov/where-we-work-pepfar/ (accessed January 2020).

UN CEDAW, Concluding observations on the eighth periodic report of Ukraine,2017, p.16, http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CEDAW/C/UKR/CO/8&Lang=En (accessed March 2020).

UNFPA, Child marriage in Ukraine, 2014, http://www.un.org.ua/images/documents/4492/unfpa%20ukraine%20summary.pdf (accessed March 2020).

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg5 (accessed March 2020).

World Health Organisation Europe, Developing a national action plan to stop violence against children in Ukraine, [website], 2019, http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/violence-and-injuries/news/news/2019/3/developing-a-national-action-plan-to-stop-violence-against-children-in-ukraine (accessed March 2020).

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.