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Vanuatu

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
3%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
21%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

Taux de mariages d'enfants
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 15 ans
3%
UNICEF 2017 % mariées avant l’âge de 18 ans
21%

* Références

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.

What's the child marriage rate? How big of an issue is child marriage?

21% of girls in Vanuatu are married before the age of 18 and 3% are married before their 15th birthday.

According to data from 2007, child marriage is most common in rural areas and in particular Tafea, Shefa and Penama.

Data suggests that girls who marry young in Vanuatu are likely to marry older men and consequently become widows at early ages.

Are there country-specific drivers of child marriage in this country?

Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that women and girls are somehow inferior to men and boys. There is very limited information on child marriage in Vanuatu, but available studies suggest that it is driven by:

  • Poverty: Women from Vanuatu’s poorest households are likely to marry about half a year earlier than women from the richest households.
  • Level of education: Education has shown to delay marriage in Vanuatu. Women who have completed secondary education tend to marry two years later than those with primary level education.
  • Traditional customs: Arranged and forced marriages are still practiced in some parts of Vanuatu. The exchange of girls for gifts – known as bride price – encourages some families to marry off their daughters and contributes to a perception that girls are “possessions”.

What has this country committed to?

Vanuatu has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with target 5.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Vanuatu co-sponsored the 2013 and 2014 UN General Assembly resolutions on child, early and forced marriage.

Vanuatu ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1993, which sets a minimum age of marriage of 18, and acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1995, which obligates states to ensure free and full consent to marriage.

During Vanuatu’s 2014 Universal Periodic Review, concerns were raised about the different minimum ages for marriage between girls and boys. The Committee questioned what specific measures have been taken to prevent child marriage in the country.

In 2014, the CEDAW Committee urged the government to raise the minimum age of marriage for girls to 18 and expressed regret that there had been no relevant amendment of the Marriage and Control Act to date.

What is the minimum legal framework around marriage?

Under the Control of Marriage 2006 the minimum legal age of marriage is 21 years. However under Articles 2 & 3 a person aged 16-21 may marry with parental consent.

Source

Ministry of Health Government of Vanuatu and UNICEF, Vanuatu Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2007, 2008, https://mics-surveys-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/MICS3/East%20Asia%20and%20the%20Pacific/Vanuatu/2007-2008/Final/Vanuatu%202007%20MICS_English.pdf (accessed March 2018)

UN CEDAW, Combined Initial, Second and Third Periodic Reports of States Parties, Vanuatu, 2005, http://www.refworld.org/publisher,CEDAW,STATEPARTIESREP,VUT,4537783a0,0.html (accessed March 2018)

UN CEDAW, Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 18 of the Convention Fourth and fifth periodic reports of States parties due in 2012: Vanuatu, 2014, http://www.refworld.org/publisher,CEDAW,STATEPARTIESREP,VUT,56a890314,0.html (accessed March 2018)

UN General Assembly, Compilation prepared by the OHCHR in accordance with paragraph 15 (b) of the annex to Human Rights Council resolution 5/1 and paragraph 5 of the annex to Council resolution 16/21 Vanuatu, 2013, p.8, http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/VUIndex.aspx (accessed March 2018)

UN General Assembly, Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Vanuatu, 2014, p.7, http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/VUIndex.aspx (accessed March 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, [website], 2017, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg5 (accessed February 2018)

Vanuatu Ministry of Health, Vanuatu National Statistics Office and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Vanuatu Demographic and Health Survey 2013, 2014, https://www.vnso.gov.vu/images/Special_Report/Vanuatu_Demographic_and_Health_Survey_Report/2013_VDHS_FINAL_Report.pdf (accessed April 2018)

Fait référence au pourcentage de femmes âgées de 20 à 24 ans qui ont été mariées ou en concubinage avant le l’âge de 15 ou 18 ans.